Pellet is a condensed form of solid fuel, which is produced by compressing various types of organic raw materials, such as wood, straw, sawdust, wood chips or even agricultural biomass. The pellet production process involves crushing the raw material into smaller particles and then pressing them into cylindrical or spherical pellets of a standardized size, usually about 6-8 mm in diameter.
Pellets are characterized by high energy density and low humidity, which makes them an effective source of heat. They are an increasingly popular choice as a substitute for traditional solid fuels such as coal or firewood due to their ecological and economic benefits.
As a renewable fuel, pellets are more environmentally friendly than fossil fuels because they emit less carbon dioxide and other harmful pollutants when burned. Their production also contributes to more efficient use of agricultural and forestry waste and helps to reduce the amount of organic waste.
Pellets are mainly used in heating devices such as pellet stoves, fireplaces or boilers. Thanks to their uniform structure and precise dimensions, pellets are easy to store, transport and add to heating devices. This makes them an attractive choice for people looking for an efficient, ecological and convenient source of heat in their homes or businesses.
An additional advantage of pellets is their controlled quality. Thanks to production standards, pellets are characterized by equal calorific value and low moisture content, which positively affects their combustion and efficiency. This means that users can expect a stable heat supply and minimal ash residue.
The introduction of pellets for use as a heat source also contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and other air pollutants, which translates into improved air quality and public health. In many countries, as part of environmental protection activities, there are programs supporting investments in heating installations based on pellets.