Heating with solid fuels, which is traditionally based on coal, wood or briquettes, has both supporters and opponents in the ecological context. Let's look at its main advantages and disadvantages in terms of environmental impact.
Local Resources: In many regions, solid fuels such as wood are locally available. This makes it possible to reduce CO2 emissions related to the transport of fuel.
Long-term durability: Modern solid fuel boilers are efficient and can last for many years, reducing the need for frequent replacement and the associated waste production.
Wood as a renewable energy source: If we choose hardwood wood as a solid fuel, it is a renewable fuel that when burned emits as much CO2 as the tree absorbed during growth.
Emissions of harmful substances: Burning coal or even some types of wood leads to the emission of substances harmful to health and the environment, such as sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides or particulate matter.
Greenhouse effect: Although wood is considered "neutral" in terms of CO2 emissions, the burning of wood and coal contributes significantly to global warming.
The answer to the question whether solid fuel heating is ecological is not clear. It all depends on the specific fuel source, combustion technology and the scale of its use. While sustainably sourced wood can be a relatively green solution, relying solely on carbon is not.
It is definitely worth considering investing in modern solid fuel boilers and taking care of the proper quality of the fuel used. However, in the context of global climate change and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, it is also worth considering alternative heating methods that may be more environmentally friendly.